CSS PERSIAN syllabus


Total Marks – 200


The aims of the syllabus in Persian are as follows:

(i) To acquaint the students with classical and modern Persian
(ii) To familiarise them with such selection of Persian texts including those from Iqbal, which have a value in practical life.

PAPER – I (Marks 100)

1. (a) Origin and development of the language.

(i) Elementary information about: Avesta, Old Persian and Pahlavi languages.

    (ii) The advent of Persian prose and poetry in the present script in the Islamic era. 

    (iii) The earlier Persian prose writers and poets upto 4th century H/10th century A.C.

(b) Significant features of the grammer of the language.


Outline : (i) Grammer

    The three tenses, imperative modd (Affirmative and Negative) and muzara for present and future tenses. 

    (ii) Translation of simple English passage into Persian.

2. Literary History and literary criticism-Literary movements, classical background, Socio-Cultural Influences and modern trends: Origin and development of modern literary genres.


    (i) The literary history should include the development of Persian language and literature, besides Iran in Afghanistan, the Indo-Pakistan Sub-Continent and the Persian speaking areas of the Former USSR.

    (ii) In classical background. the four styles known as Khurasani, Iraqi. Hindi and Revivalist may be studied.

    (iii) In the literary movements the revivalist and purist movements, and in the modern trends, the adaptation of Western loan words in Persian language needs to be emphasised

3. Short essay in Persian


PAPER – II (Marks- 100)

The paper will require firsthand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

(a) Texts

1. Farrukhi Seestani.

(Qasida on the conquest of Soomnath)

2. Unsar-ul-Maali Qabus (Qabus Nama)     Last Chapter 44

3. Rumi Masnavi: Daftar (1st half upto Dastan-e- Peer Changi.)

4. Saadi Gulistan: Chapter 7 & 8.

5. Hafiz Diwan upto radif Re

6. Iqbal

    (a) Asrar-i-Khudi upto Murhilah-e-Siwum Niahat-e-IIahi. 

    (b) Javid Nama (Last Chapter) Address to Javid (Dialogue with the new generation).


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