Study in Ireland

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Ireland is the third largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It is located northwest of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. In the east of Ireland, Britain, separated by the Irish Sea. The island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covered the rest and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.2 million people. Just under 4.5 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just under 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

Relatively low-lying hills around a central plain embody Ireland geography with a number of navigable rivers, extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable climate, which prevents extreme temperatures. Dense forests cover the island until the 17th century. Today it is the most deforested area in Europe. There are twenty-six existing species of mammals from Ireland.

A Norman invasion in the Middle Ages gave way to a Gaelic Resurgence in the 13th century. More than sixty years of intermittent war in 1500 led to English rule after 1603. In the 1690s, was a system of Protestant English rule designed to materially prejudice the Catholic majority and Protestant dissidents, and was extended in the 18th century. In 1801, Ireland became part of the United Kingdom. A war of independence in the early 20th century led to the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which was always sovereign in the following decades. Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom and saw much civil unrest of the late 1960s to the 1990s. This disappeared after a political agreement in 1998. In 1973, both parts of Ireland to the European Community.

Irish culture has a significant influence on other cultures, especially in Literature

e and to a lesser extent, science and education. A strong indigenous cultural heritage, as expressed for example by means of Gaelic Games, Irish music and Irish language, but also mainstream Western culture, success

h and contemporary music and drama, and a common culture shared with Britain, as expressed by the spor

ts, such as soccer, rugby and golf, and English.

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