Total Marks – 200

PAPER I (Marks – 100)

1. Micro Economics

Consumer behaviour. Determination of market demand and supply, theory of the Firm, Producer’s equilibrium, Pricing of the factors of production.

2. Macro Economics

Basic Economic Concepts. National Income Accounting, Consumption Function and Multiplier, Determination of equilibrium level of income and output, Inflation.

3. Money and Banking

Functions of Money. Quantity Theory of Money, The Fisher and Cambridge Formulations. Systems of note issue, Credit Creation, Functions of Central Banks, Instruments of credit control, Theory of Liquidity Preference.

4. Public Financing

Government expenditure. Sources of Government Revenue, Types of taxes, Incidence of different taxes, Public Debt, Objectives, methods of repayment. Deficit financing.

5. International Trade

Theory of Comparative costs, Arguments for Protection, Balance of payments, International liquidity. International Money and Banking Institutions.


PAPER-II (Marks-100)


1. Definition and measurement of Development. Characteristics of under development, Rethinking on the concept of Development Growth vs. Redistributive justice, Absolute and Relative Poverty, Basic Needs Approach.

2. Planning Experience of Pakistan : A critical evaluation of the strategy of economic planning.

3. Agricultural Development in Pakistan Changes in Agricultural Policies over plan periods, Major Monetary and Fiscal measures to promote Agricultural development, Green Revolution Strategy and its implications for growth and redistribution, Land Reforms and changes in the Tenure System l950-1980. Cooperative Farming.

4. Industrial Development in Pakistan Early industrialisation strategy, Creation of Financial and Development Institutions, Major monetary and fiscal measures to promote industrial development. Changing role of public sector over the plan periods, Evaluation of Nationalisation Policy Concentration of industrial income and wealth.

5. Role of Foreign Trade and Aid in economic development, Trends in Pakistan’s Balance of Payments, Changes in direction of trade, Trends in Pakistan’s major exports and imports, Causes of significant changes in the trends, the role of migration and remittances in Pakistan’s economy, costs and benefits of Foreign Aid.

6. Privatization, denational isation And deregulation, conceptual and operational aspects, International comparisons.


    Title Author
    A Text-book of Economic Theory Stonier & Hague
    Economic Development in the Third World Todaro, M.P.
    Under Development and Agrarian Structure in Pakistan Khan, Mahmood Hassan
    Economics of Islam Ahmed, S.M.
    Economics Paul, A. Samuelson
    Factors in Economic Development Cairncross, A.K.
    Foreign Aid Theory and Practice in Southern Asia Wolf, Jr. DC
    Government Finance – An Economic Analysis Due John, F.
    Introduction to Internation Economics Snider, D.A.
    Microeconomic Theory Ferguson, C.E. & Gould J.P.
    Modern Microeconomics Koutsoyiannis, A.
    Microeconomics Rudigar Dorubush & Stanley Fisher
    Population Problems Theomson & Lewis
    Studies in Economic Development with Special reference to Pakistan Gouse, A.
    The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money Keynes, J.M.
    The Economics of Developing Countries Hynit, H.

    Note: The candidates should be familiar with:-

    Pakistan Economic Survey, Government of Pakistan, Five Year Plans, Government of Pakistan World Development Reports.

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